PENGARUH SELF-LEADERSHIP DAN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP GENERASI MILENIAL TERHADAP WORK ENGAGEMENT DIMEDIASI OLEH PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL

  • Adlina Fildzah Dararina Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Praptini Yulianti Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

Abstract

Karyawan generasi milenial saat ini telah mulai mendominasi angkatan kerja dan keberadaannya memberikan pengaruh yang besar terhadap berbagai sektor termasuk sektor kepelabuhan. Karyawan generasi milenial dituntut menilai secara internal dirinya dengan menggunakan strategi self-leadership dan secara eksternal menilai pemimpinnya dengan menggunakan karakteristik transformational leadership mengingat pemimpin memiliki peran penting sebagai mentor karyawan sehingga akan mempengaruhi work engagement karyawan. Penelitian ini meneliti tentang dua perspektif kepemimpinan, yaitu self-leadership dan transformational leadership. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah mengetahui pengaruh self-leadership dan transformational leadership menurut karyawan generasi milenial terhadap work engagement mereka melalui psychological capital dengan responden karyawan generasi milenial sebanyak 114 orang. Metode yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif survey dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Partial Least Squares (PLS) sebagai teknik analisis dengan software SmartPLS. Hasilnya menunjukkan self-leadership dan transformational leadership berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap work engagement menurut karyawan generasi milenial yang dimediasi oleh psychological capital secara partial mediation di sektor kepelabuhan.

References

Blanch, A., & Aluja, A. (2009). Work, family and personality: A study of work-family conflict. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 520–524. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.12.004
Breevaart, K., Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Derks, D. (2016). Who takes the lead? A multi-source diary study on leadership, work engagement, and job performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37(3), 309–325. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2041
Gabrielova, K., & Buchko, A. A. (2021). Here comes Generation Z: Millennials as managers. Business Horizons, 64(4), 489–499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2021.02.013
Grover, S. L., Teo, S. T. T., Pick, D., Roche, M., & Newton, C. J. (2018). Psychological capital as a personal resource in the JD-R model. Personnel Review, 47(4), 968–984. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-08-2016-0213
Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L., & Kuppelwieser, V. G. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 26(2), 106–121. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-10-2013-0128
Harber, J. G. (2011). Generations in the Workplace: Similarities and Differences. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/1255/
Houghton, J. D., Dawley, D., & DiLiello, T. C. (2012). the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire (ASLQ): a More Concise Measure of Self-Leadership. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 7(2), 216–232. http://regentuniversityonline.com/acad/global/publications/ijls/new/vol7iss2/IJLS_Vol7Iss2_Houghton_pp216-232.pdf
Le, P. B. (2020). How transformational leadership facilitates radical and incremental innovation: the mediating role of individual psychological capital. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 12(3–4), 205–222. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJBA-04-2020-0129
Le, P. B., & Lei, H. (2018). The mediating role of trust in stimulating the relationship between transformational leadership and knowledge sharing processes. Journal of Knowledge Management, 22(3), 521–537. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-10-2016-0463
Lei, H., Leaungkhamma, L., & Le, P. B. (2020). How transformational leadership facilitates innovation capability: the mediating role of employees’ psychological capital. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 41(4), 481–499. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-06-2019-0245
Li, Y. (2019). Leadership styles and knowledge workers’ work engagement: Psychological capital as a mediator. Current Psychology, 38(5), 1152–1161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9968-6
Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60(3), 541–572. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00083.x
Ningtyas, A. P., & Yulianti, P. (2021). Safety Performance On Online Driver : Work As A Calling And Work Engagement. Jurnal Ilmiah MEA (Manajemen, Ekonomi, Dan Akuntansi), 5(3), 758–772.
Robbins, S., & Judge, M. (2013). Organizational behaviour. Pearson Higher Education AU.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Investigating reading culture among students in higher learning institutions in Tanzania. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78.
Schaufeli, W. (2012). Work engagement. What do we know and where do we go? Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, 14(1), 3–10.
Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., González-Romá, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum on Subjective Well-Being, 3(1), 71–92. https://doi.org/10.9790/487x-1810041925
Sirgy, M. J., Efraty, D., Siegel, P., & Lee, D. J. (2001). A new measure of quality of work life (QWL) based on need satisfaction and spillover theories. Social Indicators Research, 55(3), 241–302. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010986923468
Stewart, J. S., Oliver, E. G., Cravens, K. S., & Oishi, S. (2017). Managing millennials: Embracing generational differences. Business Horizons, 60(1), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2016.08.011
Sugiyono. (2020). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan Kombinasi (Mixed Methods) (Sutopo (ed.)). Alfabeta.
Tsaur, S. H., Hsu, F. S., & Lin, H. (2019). Workplace fun and work engagement in tourism and hospitality: The role of psychological capital. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 81(March), 131–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2019.03.016
Wood, J., Oh, J., Park, J., & Kim, W. (2020). The Relationship Between Work Engagement and Work–Life Balance in Organizations: A Review of the Empirical Research. Human Resource Development Review, 19(3), 240–262. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484320917560
Zemke, R., Raines, C., & Filipczak, B. (2013). Generations at work: Managing the clash of boomers, Gen Xers, and Gen Yers in the workplace. AMACOM.
Published
2022-08-02
How to Cite
Dararina, A., & Yulianti, P. (2022). PENGARUH SELF-LEADERSHIP DAN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP GENERASI MILENIAL TERHADAP WORK ENGAGEMENT DIMEDIASI OLEH PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL. Jurnal Ilmiah MEA (Manajemen, Ekonomi, & Akuntansi), 6(2), 1572-1585. https://doi.org/10.31955/mea.v6i2.2197