IMPLIKASI VARIABEL LINGKUNGAN, MAKROEKONOMI DAN MIKROEKONOMI DARI PENERAPAN PAJAK KARBON MENUJU EKONOMI BERKELANJUTAN DI INDONESIA

  • Putri Ayu Universitas Andalas kampus II Payakumbuh, Payakumbuh
  • Fery Andrianus Universitas Andalas, Padang
  • Bintang Rizky Abdullah Majo Saibah Universitas Andalas kampus II Payakumbuh, Payakumbuh
  • Nur Ari Sufiawan Universitas Andalas kampus II Payakumbuh, Payakumbuh
  • Ria Vinola K. Cahyadi Universitas Andalas kampus II Payakumbuh, Payakumbuh

Abstract

Gas rumah kaca yang dilepaskan ke atmosfer selama beberapa dekade kini menyebabkan pemanasan global. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah dampak penerapan pajak karbon terhadap variabel lingkungan, makroekonomi dan mikroekonomi ika diterapkan  di Indonesia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode CGE dengan menggunakan GTAP-E untuk mengevaluasi kebijakan energi dalam perekonomian. GTAP-E terdiri dari 140 negara dan 57 sektor yang digabungkan menjadi empat puluh dua wilayah dan delapan sektor. Menggunakan skenario pajak karbon (simulasi 1 sebesar 1,93USD dan simulasi 2 sebesar 3,72USD, simulasi 3 sebesar 4,83 USD). Hasil menunjukkan bahwa variabel lingkungan hidup CO2 mengalami penurunan, dengan penurunan terbesar terjadi pada sektor batubara, disusul minyak bumi, gas dan olahan minyak bumi lainnya. Dampak variabel makro menyebabkan PDB naik, perubahan neraca perdagangan meningkat, harga pasar komoditas menurun di bebrapa sektor, dan nilai impor barang  sektor batubara, Minyak bumi, dan gas menurun. Variabel mikro terlihat pada kepuasan/utilitas belanja pemerintah per kapita meningkat, utilitas belanja swasta menurun.

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Published
2024-02-10
How to Cite
Ayu, P., Andrianus, F., Saibah, B., Sufiawan, N., & Cahyadi, R. (2024). IMPLIKASI VARIABEL LINGKUNGAN, MAKROEKONOMI DAN MIKROEKONOMI DARI PENERAPAN PAJAK KARBON MENUJU EKONOMI BERKELANJUTAN DI INDONESIA. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen, Ekonomi, & Akuntansi (MEA), 8(1), 1003-1024. https://doi.org/10.31955/mea.v8i1.3785
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Articles